Particle⑨ – “から(kara)”, “まで(made)”, “までに(madeni)” and “より(yori)”

Hi, Leo Sensei dayo.

In this session, let’s study “から(kara)”, “まで(made)”, “までに(madeni)” and “より(yori)”.

These are used when you compare something with other thing, when you explain you will go from where to where etc. Very useful.

 

“から(kara)” 

Starting point

The particle “から(kara)” shows a starting point. It is equivalent to “from” in English.

 

Ex a)

この新幹線(しんかんせん)は東京(とうきょう)から大阪(おおさか)まで行(い)きます。

(kono shinkanse wa Tokyo kara Osaka made ikimasu)

 “から(kara)” shows Tokyo is a starting point. In English, This bullet train runs from Tokyo to Osaka.

 

“まで(made)” 

Destination

The particle “まで(made)” shows destination. It is equivalent to “up to”, “until” or “as far as” in English.

 

Ex b)

この新幹線(しんかんせん)は東京(とうきょう)から大阪(おおさか)まで行(い)きます。

(kono shinkanse wa Tokyo kara Osaka made ikimasu)

 “まで(made)” shows Osaka is a ending point. In English,  This bullet train runs from Tokyo to Osaka.

 

“までに(made ni)” 

Time limit

The particle “までに(made ni)” shows time limit. This is similar with “まで(made)” but with different meaning. It is equivalent to “by” in English.

 

Ex c)

この仕事(しごと)を5時(じ)までに終(お)わらせてください。

(kono shigoto wo goji madeni owarasete kudasai)

 “までに(made ni) ” shows time limit is 5 o’clock. In English, Please finalize this work by 5 o’clock.
 

“より(yori)” 

Comparison

The particle “より(yori)” shows the preceeding noun or verb shows the measure for comparison. It is equivalent to “than” in English.

 

Ex d)

セシルさんは私(わたし)より背(せ)が高(たか)い。

(Sesil san ha watashi yori se ga takai)

“より(yori)” shows preceeding word(watashi) shows object for comparison. In English, Sesil is taller than I.

 

Points

“から(kara)” is used for starting point.

“まで(made)” has meaning of destination.

“までに(madeni)” show time limit.

“より(yori)” means comparison.

So much for particle series in 9 posts with 19 particles.

There are more particles and each particle has more meanings.

I just pick up some important particle and meaning. If you have questions, please ask me!

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