Adverb “もう〜(mou)” and “まだ〜(mada)” with native Japanese voice (N5 level)

Adverb “もう(mou)” and “まだ(mada)” with native Japanese voice (N5 level)

Let’s study adverb “もう(mou)” and “まだ〜ない(mada〜nai)” in this post.

This is N5 level in JLPT. JLPT is

(JLPT is short for Japanese Language Proficiency Test, 日本語能力試験にほんごのうりょくしけん and recognized passport to show your Japanese language ability. You may take test in July and December.)

Particle もう(mou) and まだ〜ない(mada〜nai) are often used in conversation and sentences in many kinds of documents.

もう(mou) is equivalent of “already” in English, meaning finishing action etc you have done.

On the other hand, まだ〜ない(mada〜nai) is equivalent of “not〜yet” in English, meaning the action is not finished yet.

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Adverb “もう(mou)”

Main usage is “already” in English, meaning finishing action you have done.

Usually, もう is used in affirmative sentence. This is important point compared with “まだ〜ない”, which is used in negative sentence.

 

Example for もう(mou)

 A) もうごはんわった。

(I already finished eating.)

もう食べ終わった

⇒In this sentence, I want to say “I already finished eating”. This is affirmative sentence.

You have done your action (eating something).

You are already full enough!

 

B) もうあめんだ。

(It already stopped raining.)

雨がもうやんだ

⇒In this sentence, I want to say “raining has already stopped”. This is affirmative sentence.

Maybe rainbow has come after rain!

 

Formation for もう

Used in affirmative sentence

 

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Adverb “まだ〜ない(mada〜nai)”

“まだ〜ない(mada〜nai)” is “not〜yet” in English, meaning the action is not finished yet.

 

If you use “まだ~” in affirmative sentence, “まだ~” means “still”.

 

Example for “まだ〜ない(mada〜nai)”

 C) まだごはんわっていない。

(I have not finished eating yet.)

まだ食べている

⇒In this sentence, which is often seen on detergent package, you must not mix other detergent or something together. If you do that, chemical reaction causes toxic gas and harm you!

 

D) まだあめがやんでいない。

(It does not stop raining.)

雨がまだ降っている

⇒In this sentence, I want to say “raining does not stop yet”. This is negative sentence.

 

E) まだあめつづけている。

(It’s still raining.)

⇒In this sentence, I want to say “It still keeps raining, not finished yet”. This is affirmative sentence.

 

Formation for “まだ〜ない(mada〜nai)”

Used in negative sentence

 

Formation for “まだ〜(mada〜)”

Used in affirmative sentence

 

How was this post?

This is more information about grammar for N5 level.

50 ponts to be mastered in grammar for N5 in JLPT

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