JLPT N4 point summary (Grammar)
If you study Japanese language, you may hear about JLPT once at least and target as one of your goal.
JLPT is short for Japanese Language Proficiency Test, 日本語能力試験 and recognized passport to show your Japanese language ability. You may take test in July and December.
Level is categorized from N1 to N5 and N5 is easiest entry level.
I have some friend studying for JLPT N4 level.
In this post, I will summarize points you should master for N4 in grammar area.
For N5 grammar points, please check this page!
At first, JLPT official website explains about requirement to pass N4 test as bellow;
“The ability to understand basic Japanese.
- One is able to read and understand passages on familiar daily topics written in basic vocabulary and kanji.
- One is able to listen and comprehend conversations encountered in daily life and generally follow their contents, provided that they are spoken slowly.”
Compared with N5, there are more kanji and grammar points even it’s basic Japanese level.
50 check points for N4 level in grammar
JLPT does not officially disclose points to be studied now. However, they did until 2004.
These are points you should master for N4 level but this does not mean I cannot guarantee you will pass test if you completely master these points.
For more information and example with sound, please click link (sorry, under making for you!).
You may use this list as check list after you study.
|2||Number+も||particle||as much as〜|
|3||〜なら||conjunctional phrase||Conditional phrasing|
|5||のに||conjunctional phrase||even though 〜, in spite of ～|
|6||そうです||phrasing at end of sentence||It is said that〜, I hear that〜|
|7||〜してみる||phrasing at end of sentence||try to do ～, test to do〜|
|8||～がほしい||phrasing at end of sentence||want something|
|9||～がる||phrasing at end of sentence||tend to do|
|10||～かもしれない||phrasing at end of sentence||It may〜|
|11||～たらどうですか||phrasing at end of sentence||Why don’t you〜?, How about ～?|
|12||しかない||phrasing at end of sentence||only|
|13||～ておく||phrasing at end of sentence||do something in advance|
|14||～よう、～しよう||phrasing at end of sentence||(at end of sentence) let’s do ～|
|15||～てあげる||phrasing at end of sentence||do something for someone|
|16||～てくれる||phrasing at end of sentence||someone do something to me|
|17||～てもらう||phrasing at end of sentence||ask to do〜|
|18||～ていただけませんか||phrasing at end of sentence||Could you〜|
|19||～といいです||phrasing at end of sentence||I hope, it would be great ～|
|20||～てすみません||phrasing at end of sentence||sorry to do ～|
|21||～そうです||phrasing at end of sentence||It looks like〜 (from eyes)|
|22||～させる||phrasing at end of sentence||make someone do〜|
|23||～なさい||phrasing at end of sentence||order to do|
|24||～なくてもいい||phrasing at end of sentence||don’t need to do〜|
|25||～みたい||phrasing at end of sentence||seems to be|
|26||～てしまう||phrasing at end of sentence||eventually do something|
|27||～ばよかった||phrasing at end of sentence||should have done|
|28||～てくれてありがとう||phrasing at end of sentence||thank you for ～ing|
|29||～てよかった||phrasing at end of sentence||It was good/nice to do ～|
|30||～はずです||phrasing at end of sentence||must be|
|31||～やすい||phrasing at end of sentence||easy to do 〜|
|32||～にくい||phrasing at end of sentence||difficult to do ～|
|33||～られる||phrasing at end of sentence||(making passive style)|
|34||～てある||phrasing at end of sentence||(indicating action is already completed)|
|35||～く/ ～にする||phrasing at end of sentence||(change condition of something)|
|36||～てほしい||phrasing at end of sentence||want to do〜|
|37||～させられる||phrasing at end of sentence||be forced to do|
|38||～ことにする||phrasing at end of sentence||decide to do|
|39||～ば/～れば||phrasing||If ～, (making conditional sentence)|
|40||～ても||phrasing||even, even if〜|
|41||～たら||phrasing||If ～, (making conditional sentence)|
|42||Dictionary form+と||phrasing||and then|
|43||～ながら||phrasing||(more than 2 actions happen at same time)|
|44||～ないで||phrasing||Don’t do something〜|
|45||～かどうか||phrasing||whether or not|
|46||～という～||phrasing||noun + called A|
|50||がんばって〜する||phrasing||try to do ～|
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