Polite / Casual style in Japanese language

In this session, polite and casual style in conversation. (respect form is in other article)

There are two types of style in Japanese, polite and casual style.

Casual style is considered as a non-polite expression, and used among friend and family etc. On the other hand, Polite style is considered as a polite expression, and it is usually used in work and public situation or used between people not personally close. A sentence in polite style ends in “desu” or “masu”. A sentence in casual style ends in plain form.

In addition, you can omit the subject, object and verb part in casual style if these are already mentioned in the conversation or context.

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Let’s compare polite style with casual style in same sentences.

 

Ex a)

Polite style

きょうは何時なんじかえりますか?

(Kyou wa nanji ni kaeri masuka?)

7かえります。

(Shichi ji ni kaeri masu)

In English: What time will you go home?  At seven o’clock.

 

Ex a’)

Casual style

きょうは何時なんじかえるの?

(Kyou wa nanji ni kaeru no?)

7かえるよ。

(Shichi ji ni kaeru yo)

In polite style, you can use “desu” and ” masu”.

 

Ex b)

Polite style

腹空なかすきましたね。なにべたいですか?

(Onaka suki mashitane. Nani wo tabe tai desu ka?)

そうですね。吉野家よしのや牛丼ぎゅうどんべたいです。

(Soudesune. Yoshinoya no gyuudon wo tabetai desu.)

 

In English:

You are hungry, right? What will we eat?

Yes. I want to eat rice bowl at Yoshinoya.

 

Ex b’)

Casual style

腹空なかすいたね。なにべたい?

(Onaka suitane. Nani tabetai?)

うん。吉野家よしのや牛丼ぎゅうどん(を食べたい)。

(Un. Yoshinoya no gyuudon (wo tabetai))

You can omit verb part because it’s already mentioned in conversation.

 

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