Subject(Personal Pronouns, 主語)

Subject (personal pronouns, 主語しゅご) – わたし(Watashi) あなた(Anata) etc

In this post, let’s study subject.

IN English, subject usually comes first in sentence.

You can say personal pronouns such as I, you, he, she, we, they etc. in English.

There are so many subjects in Japanese languages because subjects are selected according to sex, age, situation and personal preference. They say we have more than 100 subjects in total.

sponsored link



This chart shows general subject you should master in daily conversation and writing at elementary level, which I selected. Bolded one is very important and often used.

 Type English Japanese Memo
    Hiragana Kanji Romaji  
Singular I わたし watashi General word for I. Appropriate in formal situation.
    ぼく boku Mostly used by man, especially by little boy
    あたし atashi Mostly used by girl, especially by little girl
    おれ ore Mostly used by man
    わし washi Mostly used by old man
  You あなた anata General word for you. Appropriate in formal situation.
    きみ kimi General word for you
  He かれ kare General word for him
  She かのじょ 彼女 kanojyo General word for her
Plural You あなたたち anatachi General word for you. Appropriate in formal situation.
    きみたち 君たち kimitachi General word for you
    きみら 君ら kimira same as kimitachi
    みなさま 皆様 minasama Generally used to customers and guests with respect
  They かれたち 彼たち karetachi General word for men
    かれら 彼ら karera same as karetachi
    かのじょたち 彼女たち kanojyotachi General word for women
    かのじょら 彼女ら kanojyora Same as kanojyotachi

There is one big different between Japanese and English except the number of subjects. English has object pronouns such as me, you, him, her, us and them and has possessive pronouns such as my, your, his, her, our and their.

On the other hand, Japanese does not have object pronouns and possessive pronouns. Japanese express object pronouns and possessive pronouns with particle like no(の), wo(を) and ni(に) etc. For example, “my” in English is equivalent to わたしの(“わたし” + “の”),  “me”  is わたしを((“わたし” + “を”) in Japanese. At this time you do not need to know what is particle, but just remember that there is no object pronouns and possessive pronouns like English.

How was this post?

If you like this or feel this is useful, please share on Facebook and retweet on Twitter!

If you wanna join Leo Sensei’s group on Facebook, click Facebook mark on top or bottom and send friend request to me. You can get updated information and ask me freely about Japanese language and culture and so on.

sponsored link

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *