Particle③ – “の(no)”

In particle series No.3, let’s study “の(no)”

The particle “の(no)” has three main meanings, possessive, equivalent and location. Among these three, possesive is the most important one. We often use “の(no)” in daily conversation and writing. Importance level is Super A.

 

① Possessive

The particle “の(no)” indicates the possessive of its preceding noun. 

Ex a)

私(わたし)父(ちち)は医者(いしゃ)です。

(Watashi no chichi wa isya desu)

“の(no)” connects watashi with chichi and indicates 父(father) is mine. This means in English “My father is a doctor”.

 

② Equivalent

The particle “の(no)” indicates that the preceding and following nouns are equivalent.

Ex b)

この本(ほん)の作家(さっか)加藤(かとう)さんはまだ若(わか)いです。

(Kono hon no sakka no kato san wa mada wakai desu)

 “の(no)” indicates sakka(writer) and Kato san are equivalent, I mean Kato san is awriter. In English, this sentence means “This book’s writer, Kato san, is still young”.

 

③ Location

The particle “の(no)” marks the location of the noun following it. “A no B” means “B in/at A”.

Ex c)

いまインドネシア空港(くうこう)にいます。

(Ima Indonesia no kuukou ni imasu)

 In this case, “の(no)” indicates kuukou(air port) is in Indonesia. In English, this sentence is “I am at the airport in Indonesia.”

 

Exercise

Try to answer to this question and make your sentence by using “の(no)”.

What is your favorite food?

Your answer is……

 

 

I will answer like this” わたしすきなたべものはすしです。”(watashi no sukina tabemono wa sushi desu)

In English, my favosite food is sushi.

You can arrange this sentence.

 

Points

The particle “の(no)” has three main meanings, possessive, equivalent and location. Posessive is the most important one. You should master this meaning at least.

 

So much for this session! See you!!

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