Particle – “と(to)” and “や(ya)”

Particle – “と(to)” and “や(ya)”

In this session, let’s study easy but useful particles,  “と(to)” and “や(ya)”.

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① Joint word(or phrase)

The particle “と(to)” joints nouns. It is equivalent to “and” in English.


Ex a)


(watashi wa ra-men to gyouza wo cyuumon shita)

“と(to)” connects nouns (ra-men) and (gyouza). This means ” I ordered ramen and gyouza.” in English.


② Accompanying person

The particle “と(to)” indicates the person with whom one acts. It is equivalent to “with” in English.


Ex b)


(watashi wa chichi to goruhu wo shima shita)

“と(to)” shows father(chichi) is the person with whom I play golf. This means in English “I played golf with my father.”



Showing example

The particle “ya” connects nouns and implies that there may be other things other than indicated example.


Ex c)


(watashi wa koremade Bali ya Jogjakarta ni ikimashita)

 “や(ya)” connects Bali and Jogjakarta and implies there may be other visited place other than Bali and Jogjakarta . this sentence means in English “I have been to Bali and Jogjakarta before.”



“と(to)” has mainly two meanings, joint word(or phrase) and accompanying person.

“や(ya)” has maunly one meaning, showing example.


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And this is post about  Particle General – 助詞(Jyoshi) まとめ

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